LARKANA: The known NGO working for betterment of education in Pakistan, Alif Ailaan, has issued midterm report card for MPAs of four provincial assemblies who have completed their three years on November 11 after general elections 2013. According to the report card emailed to PPI by their Media Manager Hina Ali, the Provincial Assembly of Sindh shows that out of 130 directly-elected MPAs, only five MPA constituencies received an A grade, denoting evidence of some overall progress since the 2013 general election.
Sindh Chief Minister scored a B grade for his constituency PS-29 Khairpur-I, while all other MPA constituencies score either a B or a C grade, depending on their performance on each of the four benchmarks we have explored. Sindh Education Minister Nisar Khuhro, elected from PS-36, Larkana-II, scored C in facilities & retention grades, B in gender parity & student teacher ratio and his overall performance has been determined as B. Likewise Sindh Home Minister Suhail Siyal elected from PS-35 Larkana-I, obtained C in first three categories B in fourth and was awarded C grade in overall performance. MPA Mohammad Ali Bhutto elected on PS-37 has been given D, C, C & A respectively and his overall performance remained C. Nadir Magsi has been given C, A+, D, A+ and overall his grade remained B. Sardar Chandio has been given C, A+, D, A+ respectively and his overall performance remained B.
The overall grade for the Provincial Assembly of Sindh is a C. In the provision of school facilities, three MPA constituencies in Karachi (PS-98, PS-108, PS-126) demonstrated a level of improvement consistent with what would represent an A+ effort (the only other A+ goes to PS-83, represented by Shahid Abdul Salam Thahim). Another 16 MPA constituencies received an A grade, twelve of whom belong to constituencies in Karachi. At the other end of the spectrum, MPA Aziz Ahmed Jatoi’s Larkana-Kambar Shahdadkot (PS-41) has demonstrated the most dramatic deterioration in school facilities and was thus rewarded an E grade.
Overall, rural constituencies remain overrepresented in the worst performers (including in Umerkot, Thatta, Mirpurkhas, Ghotki). Largely, school facilities did not improve very much since the 2013 election, with 55% of constituencies being awarded a C grade or below.
Eight MPA constituencies in Sindh have seen a significant enough improvement in retention rates, to merit an A+ grade. This includes PS-16 Jacobabad-cum-Kashmore, where the MPA is Mir Hazar Khan Bijarani. Other recipients of an A+ are the three other Jacobabad constituencies (PS-13, PS-14, and PS-15), both of Kashmore’s constituencies (PS-17 and PS-18), and both constituencies in Kambar-Shahdadkot (PS-40 and PS-42). At the other end of the spectrum, Sanghar (1 E and 1 D grade), Umerkot (3 D grades), Nawabshah (2 D grades) and Tando Allayar (2 D grades) all experiences the worst deterioration in retention rates.
The largest improvement in gender-parity was in Hyderabad and Karachi, with all six A+ grades going to constituencies in these two cities. Eight of the nine A grades are also from Karachi’s constituencies. The worst performing constituencies in Sindh, in terms of gender parity, are Thatta (with 3 Ds and 2 Cs) and Tharparkar (with 4 Ds).
Constituencies in Kambar-Shahdadkot, Tharparkar, and Dadu appear to have shown the greatest movement towards improved student teacher ratios. Only one constituency (PS-95) from Karachi receives an A grade. Out of the seventeen Ds awarded in the province for student teacher ratio, sixteen are to Karachi constituencies. Similarly, both E grades from the province are from MPA constituencies in Karachi, suggesting considerable population pressures on schooling in urban areas and an overall undersupply of teachers. All of the five constituencies in Chief Minister Qaim Ali Shah’s Khairpur district receive a B grade.
in Punjab, the report card for the Punjab Provincial Assembly shows that across the board of 297 directly-elected MPAs, 18 MPAs can lay claim to the constituencies where there is evidence of genuine overall progress since the 2013 general elections. The overall grade for the Provincial Assembly of Punjab is B. Constituencies from South Punjab dominate the list of most improved districts in Punjab, with 14 of the 18 A grades to their credit.
In KPK, the report card for the KP Provincial Assembly shows that out of the 99 directly elected MPAs, only three MPAs (two from PTI and one from PML-N) can take credit for the progress achieved on ground in their respective constituencies since the 2013 general elections. The overall grade for the Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is a B. The Chief Minister of the province from PK-13 (Nowshera-II) also receives a B.
In Balochistan, the report card for the Provincial Assembly of Balochistan shows that out of 51 elected MPAs, only three MPAs can lay claim to constituencies where there is evidence of real overall progress since the 2013 general elections. The overall grade for the Provincial Assembly of Balochistan is a B. The Chief Minister Dr. Abdul Malik Baloch’s constituency has attained an overall grade of B.
Just like the MNAs Midterm Report Card; the campaign has tried to gauge every MPAs performance in his/her respective constituency since the 2013 elections against four indicators for education and awarded grades in each category, as well as an overall grade to each MPA, and the four provincial assemblies. The grades do not reflect the state of education in a given constituency, but rather the demonstrable change in each constituency since the 2013 election. PPI.