KARACHI: Shortage of rare blood known as Bombay Blood Group is creating grave inconvenience for people who are suffering from this blood disorder in Sindh province. However health experts demand of the federal and provincial government to include the column of blood group in the computerized national identity card (CNIC).
Renowned Hematologist Dr Saqib Ansari while talking to PPI said this is an extremely rare blood group, called Bombay Blood Group so because it was first discovered among some people in Bombay (now Mumbai) in India. He said only seven to eight Bombay blood group cases have been detected by hematologists throughout Pakistan so far.
He said unfortunately 90 percent population of the country does not know about their own blood group as there is no concept of voluntarily donation of blood in our society. He said the government should make it mandatory to mention blood type of a person on his or her national identity card so that proper donors can be identified on the time of need.
Referring the case of an under treatment girl Affifa, Dr Ansari said her problems are compounded not only by the fact she is suffering from Thalassaemia but she also have rare blood group, known as the Bombay blood type. He said there are only few donors in the country who share this blood group and patients like Affifa survive on these blood transfusions. He said it is a huge problem when one has a rare blood group because one can’t find many matching donors.
He explained that blood groups that are common in the country are also available for patients. He said 35 % people have O+ blood group in Pakistan, 30 % have B+ group and 15 to 20 % have A+ group. He said 5 to 10 % have A-B blood group, while only 2 to 5 % have A, B, O negative blood group.
Dr Sarfraz of Hussaini Blood Bank said 17 to 18 people have been identified across Pakistan with rarest Bombay blood group so far; out of which four belong to Parsi community. He said there is acute shortage of Bombay blood group donors as majority of people do not know about their blood group.
According to reports, Bombay Blood Group occur in 1 out of every 250,000 people in world except in some parts of India where the incidence has been observed to be as much as 1 in every 7,600.