Karachi: “Rise of China is an inescapable reality in the contemporary world. If we compare current Chinese economic indicators with indicators of 1970s then we can say that China is rapidly catching up with economic preponderance of US”.
These views were expressed by Dr. Nevilly Wylie, Dean, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Nottingham Campus, Malaysia. He was addressing a seminar organized by Department of International Relations, University of Karachi on “From unipolarity to multipolarity?” on Tuesday, 15th April, 2014.
He further said that there exists an intense security competition between US and China with strong potential of war. Nevertheless, one should not neglect the increasing independence between two countries as both countries have huge financial stakes in each other’s markets. He stressed that China is also facing internal challenges in terms of human security which Beijing has to take seriously for the sake of sustainable growth.
While talking about aggressive Russian foreign policy he said that real Russian concern is the expansion of NATO and EU in the Eastern Europe in the post cold war period. He emphasized on the role of global institutions and that we should not undermine the significance of multilateral arrangements when it comes to understanding the dynamics of global politics. He said that these institutions are inherently inclusive in their nature and have the potential to absorb different constellations of power.
Prof. Dr. Mutahir Ahmed, Chairman, Department of International Relations said in his remarks that apart from Russia and China, EU is also an important actor when it comes to shift from unipolarity to multipolarity. He said that China faces the problem of uneven development which is the biggest threat to Chinese ambitions of attaining super power status.
Dr. Farhan Hanif Siddiqui, Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, said in his remarks that global shifts of power is not a new phenomenon as we have such shifts in 20th century from multipolarity to bipolarity and then unipolarity. He said that neo-liberal institutional framework still possess capacity to contain the emergence of any counter narrative.
Prof. Dr. Moonis Ahmar, Dean, Faculty of Arts and Professor Department of International Relations said in his concluding remarks that Russian has not been able to absorb the shock of losing the status of superpower after the cold war. He further said that China is full of contradictions when it comes to their highly autocratic political system and liberalized economy. He said that as long as the West remains united, Russian aggressive power ambitions will not pose any threat to the status quo in Europe. Seminar was followed by a lively questions and answers session.