Karachi: “Historical evolution of modern nation-state system tells us that there have been two forms of transitions involved. First was the “Great Transformation”, which deals with emergence of some institutions such as, state, bureaucracy and markets, while second phase was “Small transformation” which deals with transition to democracy, which came much later”.
These views were expressed by Boris Wilke, Senior Researcher, Institute of Conflict and Violence Research, University of Bielefeld, Germany in a seminar on “Political Development, Democracy and Violence in Pakistan.
He further said that there are valuable lessons to be learned in understanding German political dynamics pre 2nd World War and its profound effect in the shaping of contemporary German politics. Key findings highlighted the fact that Pakistan’s democratic transition is at a cross road and its slow pace is one distinct difference from that of the German model. There is a need of comparative and cross-cultural research with a clear historical perspective to understand the dynamics of violence in Pakistan and its future prospects.
Prof. Dr. Mutahir Ahmed, Chairman, Department of International Relations, University of Karachi said in his remarks that we don’t see neutral state in Pakistan. During cold war era, state nurtured religious militant wings which are now the major miscreants. Non-state violence should be understood in linkage with the coercive policies of state. He further said that as far as the political and bureaucratic mindset is concerned we are still living in the medieval era.
Dean Faculty of Arts and Professor at Department of International Relations, Dr. Moonis Ahmar said in his concluding remarks that one major commonality between Pakistan and Germany is that they both lost wars but Germany learned lessons from it but we did not. He further said that we still in the process of becoming a nation-state. Solution of all the conflicts lies in a viable political process which includes wisdom and tolerance.
The Seminar was followed by a lively questions and answers session. In the end Dr. Farhan Hanif Siddiqui, Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations gave vote of thanks.