KARACHI: The critics of Sindhi short stories believe that the first original Sindhi story was ‘Hur Mukhi Ja’ (Hurs of Mukhi lake of Sanghar) written by Lal Chand Amardinomal Jaghtiani in 1914. Thus the first Sindhi short story has completed its century in 2014, renowned Sindhi short story writer and former director, Institute of Sindhology, Jamshoro, Shoukat Hussain Shoro said on Tuesday.
Presenting his paper ‘One hundred years of Sindhi Short Story’ at technical session on ‘Sindhi Language’ at second day of international seminar ‘Sindh through the Centuries’ organized by Sindh Madressatul Islam University, Karachi on Tuesday at a local hotel, he discussed different periods, movements and trends of Sindhi short story during last one hundred years.
Referring to British efforts for standardization of Sindhi language, he said it was beginning of golden era in Sindhi literature, which provided impetus to Sindhi writers for writing and publishing Sindhi books related to various streams of literature. “Initially, short stories were translated into Sindhi from English and other languages. Afterwards, the Sindhi writers started writing original short stories depicting Sindhi society,” he added.
Eminent poet Ayaz Gul, who is head, Department of Sindhi language, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur, presented paper with overview of Sindhi Ghazal after the partition. According to him, Sindhi Ghazal writing started during Kalhora rule in Sindh and developed to present form passing through the centuries. He highlighted the role of Sindhi poetry in raising the social issues of society including the human rights. The paper covered evolution of Sindhi Ghazal in Sindh and India in pre-and post-partition era.
Tufail Chandio, Lecturer in English, University of Sindh, Laar Campus, Badin, in his paper ‘Social dynamics of Sindh and the poignant impact of Sindhi proverbs developing massive mindset among natives’, analyzed the social fabrics of Sindhi society and impact of Sindhi proverbs or sayings, which inculcate a negative mindset leading to passivism and inaction, hence all the doors to activism, progress and development stay shut upon the natives.
Chandio referred several studies conducted on why eastern societies are less inclined to progress, social change and development as compared to the western ones.
Taj Joyo, a renowned poet and secretary, Sindhi Language Authority, presented paper on academic and literary services of great Sindhi nationalist leader Saeen G. M. Syed. He said, Saeen G. M. Syed, who is author of several books, was the person behind establishment of Sindhi Adabi Board.
Dr. Rafique Ahmed Mangrio, professor at Government Muslim College, Hyderabad and author of 25 research papers, spoke on advent of Islam in Sindh, history and geographical boundaries of Sindh before Islam.
Intellectual, writer, former government officer MPA Madam Mahtab Rashdi in her presidential remarks said papers presented by Dr. Rafique Mangrio and Muhammad Tufail Chandio raised several questions that need to be discussed thoroughly.
Noted poet Imdad Hussaini speaking as the chief guest traced the history of verbal and written poetry. According to him the common man used to speak correct words but unfortunately the poets were making mistakes in usage of words.
He also recited his latest poem and received applause by the audience.
Later, Madam Mahtab Rashdi and Vice Chancellor SMI University Dr. Muhammad Ali Shaikh gave away shields to the scholars.