Karachi: President Pakistan Paediatric Association (PPA) Centre Prof Dr Iqbal Memon has said contaminated water and poor sanitation system are major causes behind widespread diarrhoea disease prevalence among children in Pakistan.
He told PPI that said diarrhoea is common disease among children in developing countries like Pakistan, which occur due to polluted water and lack of proper sewerage systems.
Referring to the annual report issued by Sindh Health Department about diarrhoea disease that about 300,171 diarrhoea cases were reported in Sindh province in 2013, out of which 52,101 were admitted in different hospitals for treatment. He said actual figures of diarrhoea cases are higher in Sindh province. He said only 10 percent data about diarrhoea disease was collected by health Department annually, out of total cases.
Prof Memon said peak season of diarrhoea disease would start from April and continue till October. He said un-expected rains might increase the number of cases as compared to previous year.
He said large number diarrhoea cases were also reported from Karachi based hospitals last year over consuming contaminated water and hygienic food. He said children facing malnutrition are also hit by diarrhoea and other related diseases.
He said the major factors behind the alarming rate of malnutrition in Pakistan were increasing population and food insecurity, and lack of access to clean water.
He advised people use Oral rehydration solutions (ORS) and zinc tablets in case of diarrhoea and consult with specialist doctors for treatment of children.
He urged the government to improve the sanitation system, ensure access to clean water for the lower income group and stressed upon the need of breastfeeding children in order to save them from diseases.